“In the year 16 of the reign of the Emperor Tiberius Yahshua the Nazorean (Jesus the Nazarene), taken down in the early evening after having been condemned to death by a Roman judge because he was found guilty by a Hebrew authority, is hereby sent for burial with the obligation of being consigned to his family only after one full year." – Vatican Scholar Dr. Barbara Frale
It was in 2009 that Dr. Barbara Frale, a Catholic researcher in the secret archives of the Vatican made the startling statement concerning an inscription discovered on the Shroud of Turin:
Dr. Barbara Frale – “I think I have managed to read the burial certificate of Jesus the Nazarene, or Jesus of Nazareth.”
According to her testimony, she was able to construct this “burial certificate” from an imprint on the cloth known to the historical world as the Shroud of Turin. It was placed together and near the image of what appeared to be a “crucified man”. This imprint was constructed from fragments of three ancient languages; Greek, Hebrew and Latin.
During the life and ministry of the Jewish rabbi, and Prince of David, Yahshua HaNotzri in the powerful city-state of Edessa located in the Urfa, Turkey today, King Abgar, according to ancient legends became gravely ill with a disease some have supposed to be leprosy. The rumors of a faith-healer in Galilee had reached this city-state, and a royal emissary was sent to invite this healer to Edessa with the hopes that he could be healed. When the emissary arrived in the city of Jerusalem, the local news was alive with news about the “crucifixion” of Yahshua the faith-healer.
Afterwards, one of Yahshua’s disciples, Jude Thaddeus went to Edessa and with him he carried the natural fiber burial shroud used to wrap around the body of the deceased that was purportedly used to wrap the body of the Jewish rabbi called Jesus the Nazarene (Yahshua HaNotzri). According to the legends of Edessa, this shroud healed the king.
This cloth became a venerated relic over the centuries first known in history as the “Image of Edessa” and later called the “Mandylion”. In the year of 944 CE, it was taken to modern day Istanbul, Turkey, the capital in the ancient times of the Eastern Roman Empire.
In the year 1204 CE, the Knights Templars sacked the city of Constantinople and the “Shroud” disappeared from history. According to the ancient stories, it was first was sighted in Athens, Greece, and then onwards resurfaced again in France, when it was owned by the French Knight Geoffrey de Charney and first displayed to the public in 1360 CE. It later became the possessions of the Italian royal family in 1453, and then moved to its permanent home in Turin, Italy in 1578.
It was in 1983 that the Shroud came under the possession and ownership by the Vatican. It was willed to them by Umberto I, the last of the Italian kings. In the 20th century, it was exhibited only 1931, 1933, 1978, and 1998.
With the turn of the 21st century, the “Shroud” was again exhibited in the year of 2000, and a decade later in 2010; the later when Pope Benedict XVI prayed over the Shroud in its last exhibition until the year of 2025.
Today is it no doubt the most controversial linen fragment in history. Housed in the royal chapel in the Cathedral of Turin, the Shroud of Turin is regarded by numerous scholars as being a medieval forgery after it was carbon dated to the Middle Ages. Yet, Dr. Frale, in her 2009 book which detailed her discovery, La Sindone di Gesu Nazareno (The Shroud of Jesus the Nazarene) which she testifies provided a “historical date consistent with the Gospel’s account”.
First discovered in 1978, the letters which he was investigating and now the lifelong profession of Dr. Frale, she has also admitted that there are other letters that have “come to light.”.
Her testimony has also had its detractors. Other scholars have declared that these letters wer part of the writings on a reliquary that was attached to the cloth during the medieval times. Yet, Frale discounts that opinion for the medieval Christian would have referred to the man’s negative image in the Shroud as “Jesus Christ” but instead the “letters” call the deceased, “Jesus the Nazarene.” To her, for a medieval author to have called him, Jesus the Nazarene would have been “heretical” during the Dark Ages or the Medieval Era, since it would have identified and named the image on the shroud as “only a man” instead of the “Son of God” as the apologists of the Early Roman Christian Church identified this image to be.
To study the image on the shroud, as the image of the man, the letters were seen in reverse, for it was a negative image. As reported to the La Repubblica, according to the burial practices of the Jews in the first century CE in the Roman province of Judea, the body that was buried after the sentence of death could only be returned to the family of the deceased after one year within a common grave.
Yet, according to the historical testimony, Yahshua was not sentenced to death by the Roman Procurator, Pontius Pilate, and neither was he buried in a common grave. Rather, the Rabbi of Nazareth, called Jesus the Nazarene, was given the family tomb by one of the Chief Elders of the Great Sanhedrin in Jerusalem, his great uncle, Joseph of Arimathea.
According to custom, the “burial certificate” was attached to the burial shroud, and according to local custom attached to the cloth nearby to the face in order to quickly identity it for later retrieval. The body of the Rabbi of Nazareth was also retrieved and buried according to historical record by the Prince of David Joseph of Arimathea, and also a Pharisee of Beit Hillel, Rabbi Nicodemon ben Nicodemon, who was known as an Hasidic Rabbi to followed closely the Torah traditions of the Jews. Together they laid the body to be entombed in a stone carved family tomb.
As was noticed to the paleontologist researcher in Rome, Dr. Frale noted that many of the letters were missing such as the deceased name, referred to as “"(I)esou(s) Nnazarennos" and only the "iber" of "Tiberiou" surviving. As according to common custom, her reconstruction of the wording suggests that the “burial certificate” that read as follows ended with the words; “signed by”, yet one whose signature did not survive to this day. Here was her interpretation of the letters as they appeared on the negative image on the Shroud of Turin:
- (I)esou(s) “Jesus”
- Nnazarennos “Nazarene”
- (o)pse kia(tho) “taken down in the early evening”
- in nece(m) “to death”
- pez(o) “I execute”
According the paleontologist experts, there are more letters on the linen shroud. The word, “iver,” was identified which according to Frale referred to “Tiberius” the Emperor of Rome at the time of the death of the man on the shroud.
With the letters identified to date, Dr. Frale then interpreted the entire words on the “burial certificate” to read as such:
Dr. Barbara Frale - “In the year 16 of the reign of the Emperor Tiberius Jesus the Nazarene, taken down in the early evening after having been condemned to death by a Roman judge because he was found guilty by a Hebrew authority, is hereby sent for burial with the obligation of being consigned to his family only after one full year". It ends "signed by" but the signature has not survived.”
What was most consistent with the date and time within the Roman Province of Judea was the use of three languages in the “burial certificate” which she found consistent also with the polyglot culture in the Roman province hellenized by Greek-speaking Jews. As a scholar of ancient artifacts, Dr. Frale was also one of the scholars of the Knights Templars whom she attests at one time had possession of the shroud and it’s safe-keeping. As her testimony of “the death sentence on a man called Jesus the Nazarene”;
Dr. Barbara Frale – “If that man was also Christ the Son of God it is beyond my job to establish. I did not set out to demonstrate the truth of faith. I am a Catholic, but all my teachers have been atheists or agnostics, and the only believer among them was a Jew. I forced myself to work on this as I would have done on any other archaeological find.”
If so, this testimony does not negate the authenticity of the historical record, that Jesus the Nazarene, was a rabbi from Nazareth, whose uncles and cousins were well known as princes of David, and because of their royal heritage were magnets of rebellion against the Roman Empire. Numerous of them were executed and crucified on crosses with their followers fighting for the freedom of dominion over the “Land of Israel” against King Herod and later directly against Rome. As part of the settler’s movement to keep Judea under Jewish rule instead of foreign Greek or Roman rule, this rabbi’s royal Davidian family would have been one of the most active in the underground movements to preserve the Jewish settlements from Galilee, the Golan Heights, through Samaria to Jerusalem.
“It is also of interest that the Roman Catholic Church has never endorsed nor rejected the Shroud of Turin as being authentic or not. According to the testimony of Pope John Paul II, who was also of Jewish descent, stated in 2000;
Pope John Paul II – “The Shroud is an image of God's love as well as of human sin. The imprint left by the tortured body of the Crucified One, which attests to the tremendous human capacity for causing pain and death to one's fellow man, stands as an icon of the suffering of the innocent in every age.”
You might Want to Read the Following blogs on the “The Shroud of Turin”
“Is the Shroud actually Two Thousand Years Old?” – Part Two
Today that same rabbi is noted for his testimony while he was ministering in Tzor (Tyre) and Tzidon (Sidon), that his only purpose was that he “was sent only to the lost sheep of the house of Isra’el.” History has proven that halakhic observant Hasidic rabbi’s message called the “Good News” was accepted mainly by the Lost Ten Tribes of the House of Israel. It was they, who after their wanderings settled predominately in Northern Europe, when the Nazarene disciples penetrated those regions of Northern Gaul and the isles of the west in less than a decade after his death. Today, those same peoples are destined by the prophets to be reunited and restored back into brotherhood with the Jewish of the House of Judah.
To learn more about this redemptive process, you are Welcome to Contact “Kol Ha'Tor”, the Voice of the Turtledove. Here is a joint Orthodox Jewish and 10-Triber Mission to bring awareness of the imminent fulfillment of the Biblical Prophecies regarding the Redemption of all Israel (12 Tribes Re-conciled and Re-United). This super Event of all Times will entail establishing in the region of Shomron (the Ancient Bible Heartland of the Patriarchs) and the Judean Wilderness into a new homeland for the Return of the Lost Ten Tribes of Israel when All Israel will finally be redeemed.
For inquiries about Kol Ha Tor Vision for the Lost Tribes of Israel, Visit – “Shomron Lives!”,a Spiritual Retreat and Guest House in Samaria, that hosts Shomron (Samaria) Tours to reacquaint the Returning Lost Tribers of the House of Israel.